how many confederate soldiers fought in the civil war

... (2012) and is currently at work on Searching For Black Confederate Soldiers: The Civil War’s Most Persistent Myth. It is an accepted convention that the Civil War was a man's fight. In fact, according to the  Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference, over 70,000 books have been published on various aspects of the Civil War and more are being published every day. The typical common soldier from both North and South was white, a native-born farmer, Protestant, single, and falling in the range between 18 and 29 years old. (ed.) “Who Fought?” American Battlefield Trust, www.battlefields.org/learn/articles/who-fought McKim, Randolph A. It is estimated that between 8,000 to 10,000 Jewish soldiers fought in the Civil War. Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forged in Battle, The Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers.New York: The Free Press, 1990. For more information about soldiers in the war, check out the following article on Civil War soldiers. Contributed by Aaron Sheehan-Dean. History was manipulated so these statues could remind the black people of their horrific brutal past and to keep them segregated from the white folk, while offending them. The men, of course, marched off to war, lived in germ-ridden camps, engaged in heinous battle, languished in appalling prison camps, and died horribly, yet heroically. They took slavery for granted as one of the Southern ‘rights’ and institutions for which they fought, and did not feel compelled to discuss it. Union soldiers often formed regimental associations and had reunions after the war, and published regimental histories, with lists of the soldiers in the unit. Background "Once let the black man get upon his person the brass letter, U.S., let him get an eagle on his button, and a musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pocket, there is no power on earth that … More than half the Confederate soldiers were farmers, although only a very small percentage of them owned slaves. Approximately 155,000 Virginia men served in Confederate forces during the American Civil War (1861–1865). Information available about a soldier includes his name, unit, and rank. Civil War officers learned what leaders in all wars discover: To earn the respect of their men, they had to appear brave. The most notable volunteer division comprised descendants of people from various European countries then living in Louisiana, under the command of French Major General Count Camille Armand Jules Marie, Prince de Polignac. Although the exact number is unknown, it is estimated that as many as 674,000 people were held as prisoners of war in about 150 Civil War prison camps. The Confederate Congress did not approve blacks to be officially enlisted as soldiers (except as musicians), until late in the war. types of uniforms Confederate soldiers wore. According to Abraham Lincoln in a previously unpublished speech about the Civil War draft, these reasons were complex and greatly depended on the individual: “Among these motives would be patriotism, political bias, ambition, personal courage, loved of adventure, want of employment, and convenience, or the opposite of some of these.”. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'civilwarsaga_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',109,'0','0']));Although only 20% of a sample of 429 Southern soldiers named slavery as the main reason they were fighting in the war, there was a reason for that, according to McPherson: “Slavery was less salient for most Confederate soldiers because it was not controversial. Roughly 2.75 million soldiers fought during the Civil War. Estimates of the total number of confederate soldiers is difficult, and range between 750,000 to 1 million soldiers fought during the Civil War. National Archives: Black Soldiers in the Civil War: www.archives.gov/education/lessons/blacks-civil-war There is a longstanding myth about African American soldiers enlisting in the Confederate army. I have a great-great step-grandfather who was a doctor in the 1st LA Cavalry during the War of Northern Aggression. Confederate service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Tennessee. Even this figure excludes some men- for example those members of militia units who served for 90 days at the beginning of the war but did not subsequently re-enlist (this would include, for example, some of the 69th New York State Militia who fought at Bull Run). One hundred and fifty years after the Civil War began, its echoes are still felt across the … Q: How many African American soldiers fought for the South in the Civil War? Confederate soldiers had a variety of nicknames, such as Reb, Johnny Reb, Greyback, Rebels, Secesh, Butternuts and Johnnies, according to Josephus Nelson Larned in his book The New Larned History for Ready Reference, Reading and Research: “During the first year of the war [of the rebellion – in the United States] the Union soldiers commonly called their opponents, ‘Rebs’ and ‘Secesh’; in 1862, ‘Confeds’; in 1863 ‘Graybacks’ and ‘Butternuts” and in 1864, ‘Johnnies.’ The nickname ‘Butternuts’ was given the Confederates on account of their homespun clothes, dyed reddish-brown with a dye made of butternut bark. Although the inherently clandestine nature of the activity makes an accurate count impossible, conservative estimates of female soldiers in the Civil War puts the number somewhere between 400 and 750. Approximately 179,000 African-American men served in the army and 19,000 served in the navy during the Civil War. These Confederate soldiers were from the 11 states that had seceded from the United States of America and joined the Confederate States of America. This raises an obvious question: why then were few Confederate soldiers tried for treason? These units were composed of men who had lived most of their lives in the US. Marion, Indiana — Veterans eat their meals in the dining hall of the National Soldiers' Home, a facility for the care of disabled American veterans, many from the Civil War. The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a database containing information about the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. This database contains records of Confederate soldiers who served in military organizations that were formed by the Confederate Government. Civil War Trust: Guerrilla Warfare: www.civilwar.org/education/history/warfare-and-logistics/warfare/guerrilla-warfare-during-the.html The burial detail had stumbled upon one of the most intriguing stories of the Civil War: the multitudes of women who fought in the front line. With this war, however, they were killing one another. Mississippi 7% […]. This indicates that the majority of the soldiers were lower to middle class blue-collar workers. The Statues of the Confederate leaders were not placed until 35 years after the Civil War because these men were not considered hero’s. Many people would be surprised to know that there were some Asian faces in the crowds of white and black soldiers serving in the American Civil War. The Shapell Roster: Jewish Soldiers in the Civil War: www.shapell.org/the-shapell-roster/ On the Confederate side, the numbers aren’t all that accurate because there are a lot of missing records due to the overall destruction of that region during and after the war. What does the confederate flag stand for? Soldiers also had to cope with long stretches of boredom in camp as well as moments of sheer terror and horror on the battlefield. The records include a jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, his rank, and the unit in which he served. Your email address will not be published. The Confederate forces saw some 160,000 battle and non-battle deaths. American Civil War, fought between 1861 and 1865, claimed 620,000 lives and one in five soldiers were kids It is estimated that up to 100,000 of the Union's soldiers … In fact, most Confederate soldiers did not own slaves; therefore he didn’t fight for slavery and the war couldn’t have been about slavery.” The logic is simple and compelling—the rates of slave ownership among Confederate soldiers reveals something about the cause of the Confederate nation. so grateful for this information… I know my family fought with the Confederates during the Civil War and am just trying to find out about family history… and my country’s history… thanks from a curious mind! About 40,000 African-American soldiers died in the war, mostly from disease or infection. Period! Women soldiers of the Civil War therefore assumed masculine names, disguised themselves as men and hid the fact that they were female. But more than 30,000 of those fought on the Union side. African-Americans weren’t allowed to join the Union army until 1863. So there are certainly online and printed sources that have totals of the soldiers provided by each state and territory loyal to the Union, as well as from loyal groups in most of the Rebel states. Image: Corbis c. 1913 Also during these 60 years, hundreds of lunching of innocent black men took place in the South while white families, some with young children, watched on as though they were killing a mouse. Other information on the site includes histories of Union and Confederate regiments, links to descriptions of significant battles, and selected lists of prisoner-of-war records and cemetery records, which will be amended … Q: Who were the soldiers in the American Civil War? The issues of emancipation and military service were intertwined from the onset of the Civil War. Your email address will not be published. They were serving in noncombatant roles. The vast majority of Mexican Americans in the New Mexico territory who entered the war fought for the Union, which promised a bounty of up to $300 for soldiers. The New Larned History for Ready Reference, Reading, and Research. They were paid in Confederate currency. Not everyone who fought in the Civil War was a soldier. The Confederate army had between 750,000 and 1,250,000 … The 385,000 White Landowners who owned slaves fought to keep 3,000 millions slaves as their property because they became extremely wealthy by owning them. Women soldiers of the Civil War therefore assumed masculine names, disguised themselves as men, and hid the fact they were female. Of the 462,634 Confederate soldiers captured 247,769 were paroled on the field and 25,976 died in prison. Vol 2, C.A. When the Civil War broke out in 1861, hundreds of thousands of men, as well as a number of women and children, put their lives on hold and signed up to serve as soldiers. The majority of Jewish soldiers fought for the Union army. Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History: Civil War Deserters: Cowards or Heroes: www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/inline-pdfs/David%20Carr_0.pdf Presidential pardons. Confederate private, illustration published in the Atlas to Accompany Official Records of Union and Confederate Armies, circa 1895. Thousands of pre-war immigrants served in the Confederate Army, which had its own Irish Irish units, a Polish Legion as well as several German and Mexican companies. Virginia Soldiers (Confederate) during the Civil War. North Carolina: 129,000 The ensuing conflict involved millions of Americans being recruited on both sides and became the bloodiest war … The mortality rate for prisoners of war was 15.5 percent for Union soldiers and 12 percent for Confederate soldiers. Old soldiers who fought under the Stars and Bars during the Civil War are shown here with the president, who welcomed them to the White House. “Military Pay.” American Battlefield Trust, www.battlefields.org/learn/articles/military-pay. These lists also show the final regular unit they served in, if known. Like so many things associated with the Civil War, the reasons are complicated. Both the Union and Confederate armies forbade the enlistment of women. Others signed up for supporting roles, such as drummer boys and messengers, but often joined the troops in combat in the heat of battle. A church deacon had fought with the ... some accepted so many accolades as Civil War veterans that ... Walter Williams said he was the last Confederate. When they were finally allowed to join, it is estimated that about 10 percent of all Civil War soldiers were African-American. What Were the Major Strategies of the Civil War. The Union side suffered more than 350,000 deaths, both battle and non-battle related. Roughly 2.75 million soldiers fought during the Civil War. The literal answer to this question is not very many, perhaps 25%, although nobody kept exact statistics. Confederate service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Tennessee. It is estimated that over 100,000 Confederate soldiers deserted during the war, more than 250,000 died of wounds or disease and 200,000 were wounded. However, according to Randolph H. McKim in his book The Numerical Strength of the Confederate Army, the numbers of enrollment into the Confederate army were: Virginia: 175,000 National Park Service: Civil War Facts: www.nps.gov/civilwar/facts.htm Required fields are marked *, There’s definitely no shortage of books about the American Civil War. c. ^ Civil War: All Union casualty figures, and Confederate killed in action, from The Oxford Companion to American Military History except where noted (NPS figures). Approximately 155,000 Virginia men served in Confederate forces during the American Civil War (1861–1865). White and black soldiers from Mississippi contributed to both the Union and Confederate war efforts, fighting within the state and as far away as the battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. Nichols Publishing Co, 1922. Because they passed as men, it's impossible to know with any certainty how many women soldiers served in the Civil War. In addition, they also had to learn how to deal with harsh weather, injuries, homesickness and the rigors of military life. The records include a jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, his rank, and the unit in which he served. Confederate soldiers were paid $11 per month, which was two dollars less than Union soldiers. The latest research indicates that of the approximately 1,930 alumni who were living at the beginning of the Civil War, 1,827 served in some capacity (94.7%). But this question actually misses a very important point. How Many Soldiers Fought in the Civil War? Many British citizens took part in the war in the Confederate forces, including Henry Wemyss Feilden, who resigned his commission in the British Army to become an officer in the Confederate Army, and William Watson, who served as a sergeant in the 3rd Louisiana Infantry before crewing blockade runners. The last name, ‘Johnnies,’ is said to have originated in a quarrel between two pickets, which began by the Union man’s saying that the Confederates depended on England to get them out of their scrape…The Union man…said that a ‘Reb’ was no better than a Johnny Bull, anyhow…The name stuck, and in the last part of the war the Confederate soldiers were almost universally called ‘Johnnies.’”, Confederate soldiers were called rebels because, at the time, the American Civil War was known as the “War of the Rebellion.” Since the Confederates were fighting against their own country in this rebellion, they were called “rebels.”. They were turned away, however, because a Federal law dating from 1792 barred Negroes from bearing arms for the U.S. army (although they had served in the American Revolution and in the War of 1812). This listing shows the names and ranks of the Regular Army of the Confederate States of America (ASCA) officers, as well as their ranks in the volunteer Provisional Army of the Confederate States (PACS), if any. The American Civil War, fought between 1861 and 1865, claimed 620,000 lives - nearly as many American casualties as every other war fought by the United States combined. Neal Publishing Company, 1912. Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff Photographer […]. The VMI cadets even fought in one engagement at the Battle of New Market, May 15, 1864, under the leadership of one of their professors. Because they passed as men, it is impossible to know with any certainty how many women soldiers served in the Civil War. Larned, Josephus Nelson. Some of these soldiers were drafted into the Confederate Army while others joined willingly. The Confederate flag, made up of the St Andrew's cross and 13 white state-representative stars, was used by the Confederate Army during the Civil War. What does the confederate flag stand for? As result, if you want to learn more about the Civil War, it may be hard to know where to start. Approximately 400 women disguised themselves as men and joined the army to serve as soldiers for both the Confederate and Union army. The literal answer to this question is not very many, perhaps 25%, although nobody kept exact statistics. News from Fort Sumter set off a rush by free black men to enlist in U.S. military units. Almost 3.5 million soldiers are believed to have been involved, with around 360,000 Union soldiers and 260,000 Confederate soldiers losing their lives as a direct result of the war. Fewer than 3% of soldiers on both sides worked as business professionals before the Civil War. Of the 462,634 Confederate soldiers captured 247,769 were paroled on the field and 25,976 died in prison. [20] estimate of total Confederate dead from James M. McPherson , Battle Cry of Freedom (Oxford University Press, 1988), 854. Q. Image: Bettmann/CORBIS c. 1930 While I think the slavery was certainly a significant catalyst (along with tariffs & internal improvements) for the war, once started the Southern objective was simple: obtain independence in a national liberation struggle. Soldiers who served in the Confederate States Army fought on behalf of the Confederate States of America. Information and Articles About Confederate (Southern) Soldiers of the American Civil War The Confederacy had volunteers or recruited its soldiers from many ethnic groups. African American soldiers joined the war from the beginning. The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a database containing information about the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. About 48% of Union soldiers and 69% of Confederate soldiers worked as farmers before the war, while 24% of Union soldiers and 5% of Confederate soldiers worked as mechanics and around 16% of Union soldiers and 9% of Confederate soldiers worked as laborers. 180,000 black soldiers fought for the Union army during the American Civil Wa r. Tens of thousands more also served in noncombatant roles in the Confederate army. The exact number of Native-Americans who fought in the Civil War is unknown but is estimated to be as high as 6,000 for the Union and 12,000 for the Confederates, although the National Park Service estimates the number is closer to 2,500 soldiers overall. The northern army had much better records but still precision is impossible. Black Confederate Soldiers African American Civil War Army Picture, Black Confederates Facts Serving in Army, Did African Americans serve in Confederate Army, Photo Black Civil War Soldiers Union. The easy answer is that, as Politico explained in 2018, Confederates received presidential pardons which began at Lincoln’s hand: Sources: Texas 6% The Civil War claimed 620,000 lives – nearly as many American casualties as every other war fought by the United States combined. James McPherson broke down the geographical distribution of Confederate soldiers even further in his book For Cause and Comrades: State / Estimated % of all Confederate Soldiers: Virginia 14% The bloodiest war in American history was often fought by child soldiers. Some famous Civil War guerrillas include Jesse James and William Quantrill. Georgia 11% How many VMI Alumni fought in the Civil War? “They fought like demons,” Sgt. Oxford University Press, 1997. According to the Civil War Trust, between 620,000 – 850,000 soldiers died from combat, disease and starvation during the Civil War. According to Civil War historian James M. McPherson, in his book For Cause and Comrades, most Confederate volunteers stated they were fighting for liberty as well as slavery while many of the Union soldiers stated they fought to end slavery and preserve the union. Many young children served as soldiers, musicians, messengers, nurses and scouts in the Civil War. Civil War medicine was more advanced than many people believe, Wunderlich said. According to the Civil War Trust, between 620,000 – 850,000 soldiers died from combat, disease and starvation during the Civil War. Capstone Press, 2016. Georgia: 120,000 The age range of the Confederate Army’s First Conscription Act in 1862 was 18 to 35 but the Third Conscription Act in 1864 changed it to 17 to 50. Civil War Trust: Guerrilla Warfare: www.civilwar.org/education/history/warfare-and-logistics/warfare/guerrilla-warfare-during-the.html Confederate prisoners. 100,000 From Dixie Fought for the North in the Civil War. Learn more about Confederate Soldiers. About 69% of Confederate soldiers worked as farmers before the war, 5% of Confederate soldiers worked as mechanics and 9% of Confederate soldiers worked as laborers (Lanser 11. The Civil War was a conflict between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America as well as their Native-American allies.. Other countries across the world chose to remain neutral in the war, although many of them granted the Confederacy belligerent status, according to the Office of the Historian on the United States Department of State website: Required fields are marked *, There’s definitely no shortage of books about the American Civil War. About 20 Jewish soldiers won a Medal of Honor during the Civil War. The Women Who Fought in the Civil War Hundreds of women concealed their identities so they could battle alongside their Union and Confederate counterparts What caused the Civil War? Some of these soldiers later went on to become famous writers, performers or even criminals, in some cases. Around 80,000 white men from Mississippi fought in the Confederate Army; some 500 white Mississippians fought for the Union. It is estimated that at least 20 percent of all Civil War soldiers were under 18 years of age. Not all the Hispanics who fought in the American Civil War were "Hispanic-Americans", in other words citizens of the United States.Many of them were Spanish subjects or nationals from countries in the Caribbean, Central and South America. Robert E. Lee surrendered the last major Confederate army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865. And one out of every five people who enlisted to risk their lives fighting their fellow countrymen was less than 18 years old. The Civil War, like every other war, made soldiers into fatalists. Between 750,00 and 850,000 common soldiers fought for the Confederate army during the American Civil War. While there were many black men accompanying Confederate armies, they were not serving as soldiers. When did the Civil War end? Civil War soldiers where mostly young white men but a surprising number of them were also women, children, African-Americans, Jewish people and Native-Americans. Harvard Professor John Stauffer, who studies antislavery movements, the Civil War, and American social protest, says that black Confederate soldiers likely represented less than 1 percent of Southern black men of military age during that period, and less than 1 percent of Confederate soldiers. Lanser, Amanda. The pay was poor, the food was meager and unappetizing, the soldier’s uniforms were hot and uncomfortable and living conditions were unsanitary and rife with disease. But in the ranks it was a different story. When the Union army began to invade the south, it sparked a guerrilla war that consisted of ambushes, skirmishes and raids by Confederate guerrillas. A large number of children served in the war, mostly in supporting roles like drummer boys but some of them also fought as soldiers. The majority of Confederate soldiers were under 30 years of age. The American Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, and began after a number of Southern states seceded from the country and formed the Confederate States of America. This conventional picture of gender roles during the Civi… Collectors Weekly: War and Prosthetics: How Veterans Fought for the Perfect Artificial Limb: www.collectorsweekly.com/articles/war-and-prosthetics In fighting near Dallas in May 1864, several Confederate women soldiers were killed in an assault on Union lines. The Civil War in the West (1861-July 1863) By Dale Anderson The reason these women were able to disguise themselves so easily is because of the large number of young boys and men in the army at the time, who were often small, boyish-looking, hairless males who lacked deep voices and strong builds. Florida 2% Nearly as many American soldiers died in the Civil War as all of the wars that America has fought combined. Our Great American Heritage: Civil War Vets and Mental Illness:www.ourgreatamericanheritage.com/2016/04/civil-war-vets-and-mental-illness-the-tragedy-after-the-war-3/ Many of these women were single, poor and deeply passionate about the war and joined in order to earn money for their families or fight for their side. Alabama 9% McPherson, James M. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. Both the Union and Confederate armies forbade the enlistment of women. Nearly as many American soldiers died in the Civil War as all of the wars that America has fought combined. Another 32,000 served in Union forces; most of these came from the counties that today comprise the state of West Virginia, while a number of West Virginia troops were recruited from the neighboring states of Ohio and Pennsylvania. The types of uniforms Confederate soldiers wore consisted of a double-breasted gray frock coat, a pair of light “french blue” trousers, white cotton shirts, a forage cap and leather brogan shoes. Of the 211,411 Union soldiers captured 16,668 were paroled on the field and 30,218 died in prison. Redkey, Edwin S. In total, more than 3.5 million Americans would fight in the Civil War; more than 2 million for the Union, some 1.5 million for the Confederate States. Arkansas 3% Sources: The Confederacy acted as a separate government until defeated in the spring of 1865. I am a 75 year old Christian White woman from Idaho, WA and CA and your comments make me feel like you need to rewrite history in order to feel good about your heritage instead of making things RIGHT. A few of the tribes who fought in the war include the Cherokee and the Seneca tribe. The conflict weren ’ t allowed to join the Union lower to class! 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